Two men playing basketball

Muscle and Joint

Joint pain can affect just one joint or many, and can be caused by arthritis, injury, overuse, or bursitis (an inflammation or irritation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that acts like a grease to reduce friction), and many different illnesses and conditions. Most commonly, osteoarthritis affects the knees, hips, spine and hands.

An athlete suffering from a torn muscle

Causes Of Knee Pain

With many of us living active lives, it’s no surprise that we put our knees through a lot. This is why knee pain is the most common musculoskeletal issue that people visit their doctors for. With a better understanding of the knee and how to deal with an injury, you can be knee smart.

The knee has the ability to twist and rotate. It is able to do this due to its complex structure which involves four bones, four important ligaments and a series of tendons. It can also bend, straighten, and bear the weight of the body whilst also working with the ankles and hips.

An athlete practicing
an athlete dealing with muscle aches

Because of this pressure, knees are susceptible to various injuries.74

Knee pain is either immediate (acute) or long-term (chronic). Acute knee pains can be caused by an injury from over exerting the joint, for example by playing sport or through an infection.

Chronic knee pain is often caused by injuries or inflammation (such as arthritis) but also by infection. If you have a knee injury, remember


Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. 74

A man dealing with knee pain
A man playing tennis
  • Protect

Protect the injury and the person who has suffered the injury.

  • Rest

Rest the knee and don’t try to put weight on it.

  • Ice

Ice will help slow or reduce the swelling and provide a numbing sensation that will ease the pain. Don’t leave ice on for longer than 15 minutes as this can result in frostbite. Wait 40 minutes to 45 minutes before applying ice again.

A woman dealing with muscle aches

Let your baby play with their toothbrush while they watch you brush your teeth. (It takes years for them to learn how to brush).

Start using a pea-sized amount of low fluoride children’s toothpaste only when they have learnt to spit things out from their mouth.

Limit amount of sugary foods in the diet.

A woman working out
  • Compression

Wrapping the injured knee with an elastic bandage or compression wrap will help keep it immobile and supported. Be sure not to wrap it too tightly.

  • Elevate

Elevating the injured leg will reduce swelling and knee pain. Fractures and sprains that are ignored or aren't treated properly can lead to long-term chronic pain problems.

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