Up close with the flu
Influenza or the flu is a respiratory infection caused by type A, B, and C influenza virus.1 You get it when flu viruses enter your body through your nose and mouth. So, a person who coughs or sneezes near you can easily transmit the flu virus to you. That’s why you should always cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze and wash your hand frequently and with a correct technique.2
Because flu viruses change, researchers worldwide monitor the 3 or 4 viruses most likely to infect the most people. The researchers then create a vaccine in anticipation of these flu viruses. Flu vaccines are particularly important, especially during the flu season.3
THE FLU CULPRITS
Unlike the cold, which can be caused by over 200 different viruses, the flu is only caused by influenza virus types A, B and C.1
While the flu vaccine can protect you from Type A and B flu viruses, the causes of large seasonal outbreaks, there is no immunization for the type C virus.1
MANAGING FLU SYMPTOMS
HOW PANADOL COLD & FLU HELPS
Over-the-counter cold and flu medicines such as Panadol Cold & Flu can ease flu symptoms and help you get back on your feet. Cold symptom relief can help you rest easier and in turn, aid in your recovery.
According to the flu symptoms that you are experiencing you can select the best Panadol Cold & Flu product for you:
- Body aches and pains
- Nasal congestion
- Dry cough
- Relief of cold & flu symptoms drowsiness
*For more detailed information, please refer to the product labelling. In case of doubt, please seek medical advice. Your pharmacist or doctor can help advise on the most appropriate treatments for you. If your symptoms persist or worsen, you should consult your doctor.
Take Panadol Cold & Flu products only as directed and always refer to label before use.
Do not take with any other products that contain the same active ingredient(s). Taking products containing any of the same active ingredients together may lead to an overdose. Immediate medical advice should be sought in the event of an overdose, even if you feel well.
VISIT THE DOCTOR IF…
Cold and flu can sometimes progress, and worsening symptoms are suggestive of the need to see a doctor. See the alarm symptoms below:12
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019, November 18). Types of Influenza Viruses. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/viruses/types.htm
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018, August 27). How flu spreads. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/spread.htm
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019, December 2). Key facts about seasonal flu vaccine. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/keyfacts.htm
4. Guppy MP, et al. Advising patients to increase fluid intake for treating acute respiratory infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD004419. Available at: https://www.cochrane.org/CD004419/ARI_advising-patients-to-increase-fluid-intake-for-treating-acute-respiratory-infections
5. Mayo Clinic (2019, April 17). Self-care for the flu. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/swine-flu/expert-answers/swine-flu-symptoms/faq-20058379
6. Mayo Clinic (2020, February 01). Sore throat: Diagnosis & Treatment. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sore-throat/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351640
7. Mayo Clinic (2019, February 16). Nasal congestion Basics: When to see a doctor. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/nasal-congestion/basics/when-to-see-doctor/sym-20050644
8. Mayo Clinic (2019, June 21). Cough: When to see a doctor. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/cough/basics/when-to-see-doctor/sym-20050846
9. Sanu A, Eccles R. The effects of a hot drink on nasal airflow and symptoms of common cold and flu. Rhinology. 2008;46(4):271–5. Abstract available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19145994
10. Singh M, et al. Heated, humidified air for the common cold. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD001728. Available at: https://www.cochrane.org/CD001728/ARI_heated-humidified-air-common-cold
11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019, October 9). Influenza (flu): Preventative steps. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/consumer/prevention.htm
12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019, October 8). The Flu: What to do if you get sick. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/treatment/takingcare.htm