Up close with the common cold
The common cold, also known as the cold, is most commonly caused by the rhinovirus. However, the cold can be a complex condition since numerous viruses can cause it.1
The virus that causes the common cold enters the body through the mouth, eyes or nose. It can be spread through droplets in the air when someone who is sick coughs, sneezes or even talks. The virus can also be spread by hand-to-hand contact with someone who has a cold or by sharing contaminated objects, such as towels, utensils, telephones or toys.4
While there is no cure for the cold, multiple active ingredients, such as those contained in the Panadol Cold and Flu* portfolio of products, can help to relieve the symptoms.
In this article, we will cover the causes, diagnosis, treatments and signs to indicate that it’s time for you to visit your doctor.
SIGNS THAT YOU HAVE A COLD
The cold is based on a set of relatively mild and self-limiting symptoms that are mainly located in the nose and throat.1
Cold symptoms usually appear between one to three days after exposure to the cold-causing virus. Initial symptoms are normally sore throat and runny nose,2,4 but, they can differ person to person. Most common cold symptoms are:1-4
- Sore throat
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Cough and chest discomfort
- Body aches and pains
- Fatigue and weakness
- Headaches, chills and fever are rare or uncommon, but can occur during the cold.
Most people recover from a cold in 7 to 10 days, but some symptoms may remain longer.
BEATING THE BUG
For the most part, colds are annoying, but you can usually go about your normal daily routine. How long it takes to beat a cold depends on your lifestyle choices. There is no cure, but there are a few things you can do to lessen its symptoms and make yourself more comfortable.
Is important not only to feel well but also to protect ourselves and others from getting infected or spreading the cold viruses.
PANADOL’S COLD AND FLU HELPING HAND
Over-the-counter cold and flu medicines, such as Panadol Cold & Flu, provides fast-acting and effective relief of cold symptoms, so that you can rest easily and get back on your feet.
According to the flu symptoms that you are experiencing you can select the best Panadol Cold & Flu product for you:
- Body aches and pains
- Nasal congestion
- Dry cough
- Relief of cold & flu symptoms drowsiness
*For more detailed information, please refer to the product labelling. In case of doubt, please seek medical advice. Your pharmacist or doctor can help advise on the most appropriate treatments for you. If your symptoms persist or worsen, you should consult your doctor.
Take Panadol Cold & Flu products only as directed and always refer to label before use.
Do not take with any other products that contain the same active ingredient(s). Taking products containing any of the same active ingredients together may lead to an overdose. Immediate medical advice should be sought in the event of an overdose, even if you feel well.
TIME TO VISIT THE DOCTOR?
Is uncommon, but a cold can present with serious symptoms that may require medical attention. Here are some of the indications that you should see the doctor:1-2,4
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020, February 6). Common Cold. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/community/for-patients/common-illnesses/colds.html
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019, February 11). Common Colds: Protect Yourself and Others. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/features/rhinoviruses/index.html
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019, December 30). Cold Versus Flu. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/symptoms/coldflu.htm
4. Mayo Clinic (2019, April 20). Common Cold. Symptoms & Causes. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/common-cold/symptoms-causes/syc-20351605
5. Mayo Clinic (2019, April 20). Common Cold. Diagnosis and Treatment. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/common-cold/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351611
6. Mayo Clinic (2020, February 01). Sore throat: Diagnosis & Treatment. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sore-throat/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351640
7. Mayo Clinic (2019, February 16). Nasal congestion Basics: When to see a doctor. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/nasal-congestion/basics/when-to-see-doctor/sym-20050644
8. Mayo Clinic (2019, June 21). Cough: When to see a doctor. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/cough/basics/when-to-see-doctor/sym-20050846