Falls, knocks, cuts and grazes are a natural part of childhood. Most cuts, bruises and grazes, although upsetting for the child, are usually harmless and easily treated.
Most bruises can simply be treated with a cold pack and elevation of the affected limbs to reduce the swelling.
When to contact a doctor
If your child has had a fall, call a doctor or go to your nearest hospital:
Chapter 4 Your Child's Health