Six common causes for back pain:
1. Muscle strain or sprains
When you stretch a muscle too far it can tear and cause a strain. Sprains usually affect the ligament. Strains and sprains are incredibly common types of acute back injury.
Frequent causes of sprains and strains are:
- Injury from falling or twisting the spine
2. Disc rupture and degeneration
Spinal discs are like cushions that separate the vertebrae of the spine. They act like shock absorbers and help keep the spine in good shape and stable. But over time, these discs can be worn down which makes them more likely to tear. Discs can bulge or rupture and slip out of place. Not all disc ruptures cause pain though.
This type of pain usually travels from the back to the leg. It’s due to a pinched or irritated sciatic nerve.
Spinal osteoarthritis is very common and is estimated to affect between 40-85% of people worldwide. In particular, it afflicts older people. It occurs when the cartilage of the joints and discs break down. Osteoarthritis can be caused by injury or trauma and is more frequent in people who are overweight.
When the density of the bones decreases, there’s a higher risk of fracturing. Brittle and porous bones are another common reason for back pain.
6. Other causes of back pain
There are many reasons why your back may be achy. Some fungal and bacterial infections such as Staphylococcus cause pain. Kidney infections are also a common source of aching.
It is important to seek advice from your healthcare professional if you are experiencing pain.