About 1 in 3 babies develop colic. Colic refers to periods of unexplained, distressed crying related to painful muscular spasms in the colon (bowel). The cause is unknown. Babies pull up their legs, arch their back and go red in the face. The crying usually lasts for more than a few hours a day, and for more than 3 days in a week. Colic typically starts in babies when they are 2-3 weeks old and lasts until about 4 months.
Colic may be confused with reflux. However a colicky baby gains weight, doesn’t vomit and is not unsettled during or straight after every feed like a baby with reflux. With a colicky baby, the spasms often start 20-30 minutes after the feed and may continue until baby expels wind or has a huge explosive bowel motion that seems to ease their discomfort.
Chapter 2 Watch Me Grow